(Rafael Leonardo Callejas Romero, Tegucigalpa, 1943) Honduran politics. He studied agricultural economics in the U.S. and after returning home, he worked for several years as a banker and economist. Between 1967 and 1971 was used in the Council for Economic Planning. In 1968 he was appointed head of the Department of Agricultural Planning and management came to occupy two years later.
His first foray into politics came in 1975 in Honduras when he was elected head of the Ministry of Natural Resources by the then prime minister, General Juan Alberto Melgar Castro, who had led a military coup against the President, the Osvaldo Lopez Arellano general, involved in a financial scandal. Between 1980 and 1982, Callejas was treasurer of the National Party of Honduras and in the next two years, served as a member of the Political Committee of that organization.
He introduced himself as a candidate in the 1985 presidential elections, which lost by a margin of just 85,000 votes, against the Liberal candidate José Azcona. For four years he was the head of the Honduran political opposition, head of the conservative National Party, and was surrounded by a circle of partners with extensive experience in finance that displaced the old political leaders of the party. On November 27, 1989 won the presidential election and took office in 1990 for a period of four years, becoming the number seventy President of the Republic of Honduras and the architect of the return to power the National Party after eighteen years of absence .
The primary objectives of his mandate was to maintain a sustained economic growth, improve the administration of justice and regain credibility and financial policy of the country in the international arena. Within its policy of closer ties with other states in 1991 assisted in the Mexican city of Guadalajara to the I Ibero-American Summit in 1992 they traveled to Mexico, where he was one of the witnesses to the signing of peace accords between the government of El Salvador and the guerrillas.
In Washington he met with the President and Vice President George Bush and Dan Quayle, and negotiated the aid that the U.S. administration granted to Honduras in Spain attended the II Ibero-American Summit, held in Madrid, signed with the President of El Salvador, Alfredo Cristiani, the border agreement on the El Amatillo, who had been a source of conflict between the two countries signed in Caracas in 1993 the commitment to economic cooperation between the G-3 (Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela) and Central American countries, the first step in the consolidation of a free trade zone in that area, also attended the III Ibero-American Summit, held in the Brazilian city of Salvador de Bahia.
The global economic crisis and its enormous impact on Honduras sank off the expectations of economic devised by the government and plunged into unpopularity Callejas, who decided not to run for reelection in the November 1993 election. In January 1994, held in Tegucigalpa the act of transmission of the President Carlos Roberto Reina, winner of the presidential elections, and officially ceased Leonardo Callejas office.